A new bipolar ice core record of volcanism from WAIS Divide and NEEM and implications for climate forcing of the last 2000 years

first_imgVolcanism is a natural climate forcing causing short-term variations in temperatures. Histories of volcanic eruptions are needed to quantify their role in climate variability and assess human impacts. We present two new seasonally resolved, annually dated non-sea-salt sulfur records from polar ice cores—WAIS Divide (WDC06A) from West Antarctica spanning 408 B.C.E. to 2003 C.E. and NEEM (NEEM-2011-S1) from Greenland spanning 78 to 1997 C.E.—both analyzed using high-resolution continuous flow analysis coupled to two mass spectrometers. The high dating accuracy allowed placing the large bi-hemispheric deposition event ascribed to the eruption of Kuwae in Vanuatu (previously thought to be 1452/1453 C.E. and used as a tie-point in ice core dating) into the year 1458/1459 C.E. This new age is consistent with an independent ice core timescale from Law Dome and explains an apparent delayed response in tree rings to this volcanic event. A second volcanic event is detected in 1453 C.E. in both ice cores. We show for the first time ice core signals in Greenland and Antarctica from the strong eruption of Taupo in New Zealand in 232 C.E. In total, 133 volcanic events were extracted from WDC06A and 138 from NEEM-2011-S1, with 50 ice core signals—predominantly from tropical source volcanoes—identified simultaneously in both records. We assess the effect of large bipolar events on temperature-sensitive tree ring proxies. These two new volcanic records, synchronized with available ice core records to account for spatial variability in sulfate deposition, provide a basis for improving existing time series of volcanic forcing.last_img read more

BP energy outlook sees global fossil fuel demand falling for first time this year

first_imgBP energy outlook sees global fossil fuel demand falling for first time this year FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Reuters:Fossil fuel consumption is set to shrink for the first time in modern history as climate policies boost renewable energy while the coronavirus epidemic leaves a lasting effect on global energy demand, BP said in a forecast.BP’s 2020 benchmark Energy Outlook underpins Chief Executive Bernard Looney’s new strategy to “reinvent” the 111-year old oil and gas company by shifting renewables and power. It includes three scenarios that assume different levels of government policies aimed at meeting the 2015 Paris climate agreement to limit global warming to “well below” 2 degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels.Under its central scenario, BP forecasts COVID-19 will knock around 3 million barrels per day (bpd) off by 2025 and 2 million bpd by 2050. In its two aggressive scenarios, COVID-19 accelerates the slowdown in oil consumption, leading to it peaking last year. In the third scenario, oil demand peaks at around 2030.While the share of fuels has shrunk in the past as a percentage of the total energy pie, their consumption has never contracted in absolute terms, BP chief economist Spencer Dale told reporters.“(The energy transition) would be an unprecedented event,” Dale said. “Never in modern history has the demand for any traded fuel declined in absolute terms.” At the same time, “the share of renewable energy grows more quickly than any fuel ever seen in history.”Even with energy demand set to expand on the back of growing population and emerging economies, the sources of energy will shift dramatically to renewable sources such as wind and solar, Dale said. The share of fossil fuels is set to decline from 85% of total primary energy demand in 2018 to between 20% and 65% by 2050 in the three scenarios. At the same time, the share of renewables is set to grow from 5% in 2018 to up to 60% by 2050.[Ron Bousso]More: Fossil fuel demand to take historic knock amid COVID-19 scars: BPlast_img read more

Cairns strata buildings at mercy of new laws coming in October 2018

first_imgQFES has raised grave concerns about the use of flammable insulation in the Cairns Performing Arts Centre’s (CPAC)construction, which could jeopardise its planned opening and cost ratepayers big money. Insulation is behind the cladding. PICTURE: JUSTIN BRIERTYWITH two Cairns city landmarks already coming under scrutiny for the cladding and insulation choice, property owners in the tourist mecca of Port Douglas have been encouraged to get a better understanding of new legislation around the materials.Cladding and insulation from the Cairns Performing Arts Centre is yet to be confirmed safe after the $71.1 million project was entered on a list of 735 buildings across the Cairns region — including the Cairns Hospital’s new wing — with potentially unsafe aluminium composite cladding.Cairns is not the only region dealing with fallout from strict new combustible cladding laws. Cladding has been used on buildings since the mid-1990s to improve appearance, but events such as the London Grenfell Tower tragedy and the Melbourne Lacrosse fire have highlighted that certain types of cladding can contribute to propagation of flames and the rapid spread of fire to other parts of the building.More from newsCairns home ticks popular internet search terms2 days agoTen auction results from ‘active’ weekend in Cairns2 days agoThe new legislation, which comes into effect on October 1, will affect an estimated 12,000 privately-owned strata buildings in Queensland built or refurbished after January 1, 1994. The initial stage will require bodies corporate to register and complete an online checklist to determine cladding risk with additional stages required depending on the stage 1 outcome.Failure to comply with the new Queensland regulations within the specified time frames can result in hefty fines of up to $33,290.25 and stage 1 compliance is only 180 days so these regulations cannot be ignored. The new legislation follows the introduction of similar measures in NSW and Victoria.Archers the Strata Professionals partner Grant Mifsud said seminars would be held at the Pullman Sea Temple Port Douglas on October 25 from 5.30pm-7.30pm, in response to the introduction of the Building and Other Legislation (Cladding) Amendment Regulation 2018.“If you own property in a low medium or high-rise strata scheme, these regulations will affect you,” Mr Mifsud said.“Combustible cladding inspection specialists as well as legal experts will present the facts and provide practical solutions to achieve compliance within the specific time frames required for each stage. An open forum designed to enable audience interaction will follow, led by our industry expert panellists with a further networking session after the panel discussion over refreshment.”last_img read more

Prime Minister Skerrit justifies the need for VAT

first_imgLocalNews Prime Minister Skerrit justifies the need for VAT by: – July 10, 2012 40 Views   3 comments Share Share Tweetcenter_img Prime Minister and Finance Minister, Roosevelt SkerritPrime Minister and Minister for Finance, Hon. Roosevelt Skerrit has underscored the importance of Dominica’s 15 percent Value Added Tax as a crucial revenue-earner for the Government.Days before the presentation of the 2012-2013 National Budget, the Prime Minister is not encouraged by suggestions from opposition circles on how the Government should manage the country’s economy.The Prime Minister says suggestion by the Opposition for the removal of the Value Added Tax is not sound advice at this time.“I hear today of people who say they love Dominica talking about all sort of nonsense about what the Government should do or should not do in this upcoming budget. People talk about removing VAT altogether but with no alternative suggestions.”“You remove VAT then what do you replace VAT with? How is Government going to pay public officers and to help maintain goods and services?” the Prime Minister questioned.Prime Minister Skerrit says his Government’s decision to introduce the Value Added Tax or VAT several years ago was a necessary one.He says further that due to the global financial crisis, several countries around the world have had to increase taxes including the VAT.“What we have seen in other countries is that not only have they maintained the VAT legislation, they have increased the VAT. In the United Kingdom for example the VAT there is 20%, in Barbados it was increased to 17.5%”.The VAT was officially introduced in Dominica in March of 2006 and since then has been be a significant revenue-earner for the Government.The VAT replaced the consumption tax of twenty percent (20%) on most goods, the sales tax of seven point five percent (7.5%) on all goods, the hotel occupancy tax of five percent (5%) and the entertainment tax.The VAT was imposed at a general rate of fifteen percent (15%). A reduced rate of ten percent (10%) was also applied to hotel accommodation.Government Information Service Share Sharing is caring!last_img read more

Eden Hazard completes move to Real Madrid

first_imgMadrid: Real Madrid has announced the signing of forward Eden Hazard, who leaves Chelsea after seven seasons that saw him win six trophies and a slew of individual honours, including the Football Writers’ Association Footballer of the Year award for 2014-2015.The 28-year-old Belgian is under contract with Los Blancos until June 30, 2024, the club said on Friday, adding that Hazard will be presented as a Real Madrid player on June 13 after undergoing a medical examination, reports Efe news.Real Madrid agreed to pay Chelsea a transfer fee of roughly 100 million euros ($113 million). Hazard declined during the season to renew his contract with the Blues, which was set to expire in June 2020, and made it clear he was ready to embark on a new phase in his career. IANS Also Read: SPORTS NEWSlast_img read more

Toure Signs One-year Contract at City

first_img“I’m delighted. I told myself the journey at City is not done,” the 34-year-old Ivorian said in a statement on City’s website on Thursday. (www.mancity.com)“It is a great club, going in the right direction with new players who are coming in. Our mentality is always to win week in, week out and I’m delighted with the fans as well.”City finished third in the Premier League this season.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram Midfielder Yaya Toure has signed a new one-year contract with Manchester City, the Premier League club announced thursday.Toure joined City from Barcelona in 2010 and has made 299 appearances in all competitions for the club, scoring 81 goals, but missed a chunk of the season after a public spat between his agent, Dimitri Seluk, and manager Pep Guardiola.Seluk criticised Guardiola for leaving his client out of City’s Champions League squad, resulting in Toure being frozen out by City at the start of September, only to be welcomed back a month later after issuing a public apology.last_img read more

Messi accuses referees of favoring Brazil in Argentina’s Copa America semifinal defeat; ‘a lot of bulls—’

first_imgBut Messi was scathing of the performance from the Video Assistant Referee and match official Roddy Zambrano, using a postmatch interview to criticize the decision to not award a penalty to Sergio Aguero just prior to Firmino’s 71st-minute strike.”They were not better than us. They found the net early and the second goal came from a penalty [to Aguero] they didn’t award,” Messi told reporters.”They [the officials] had booked a lot of bulls—, but they didn’t even check the VAR. That’s incredible.”That happened all over the game. At the first glance of contact, they ruled in their [Brazil’s] favor and this kind of bulls— distracted us from the game.”There is no excuses for us, but we need to review this, analyze it and let’s hope CONMEBOL does something about it.”I think we played a great game. We made a great effort and they were not superior to us.”Argentina had 10 more shots at Brazilian goalkeeper Alisson than their opponents managed in attack (14-4) and struck the woodwork twice as they came agonizingly close to getting back into the contest.Aguero looped a header onto the crossbar with Alisson well-beaten in the first half shortly after Jesus earned the lead and Messi slammed a shot into the post in the second period after Lautaro Martinez’s drive was blocked. The Selecao took both of their chances clinically as Jesus and Firmino both side-footed into the net from close range after being teed up by the other.Brazil will host the winner of Wednesday’s semifinal between Chile and Peru in a final to be hosted Sunday at the Maracana.They will be aiming to win their first Copa America since triumphing in Venezuela during the 2007 edition. Lionel Messi has accused the referees of favoring Brazil as Argentina crashed out of the Copa America with a 2-0 defeat in the semifinal in Belo Horizonte.The Barcelona star again failed to have a decisive impact in the match for his nation as the hosts took the most of their opportunities with goals to Gabriel Jesus and Roberto Firmino in either half sealing a place in the final.last_img read more

ARSON PROBE AS FIRE ESCAPE MAN ADMITS: ‘WE WERE LUCKY TO GET OUT’

first_imgGARDAÍ have launched an arson investigation after a flat fire which left a woman and her nephew being rescued by fire crews.“Someone set our apartment building on fire,” said Martin Toye.The incident happened yesterday evening at the Westside Apartments off Letterkenny’s Main Street. The fire sent thick smoke over the area.Martin and his auntie were taken to safety once fire crews had extinguished the flames.It’s understood the garda investigation relates to a sofa and other furniture being set alight in an unoccupied flat.Some residents had complained in recent days that the empty flat wasn’t secured properly. “It seemed as though the whole building was alight at one stage,” said Martin.“We were trapped inside and had to be rescued. It was a lucky escape as far as I’m concerned.”Fire crews bring the residents to safetyGardai, ambulance crews and fire personnel all attended the scene of the blaze.Gardai later said that those inside the flat were fortunate the alarm had been raised when it was.One resident said: “This is crazy. “Those people could have been burned alive.“People shouldn’t have to live in fear like that.”Martin said he had yet to speak to Gardai.“No, I haven’t spoken to them yet, but I would like to know what happened.” ARSON PROBE AS FIRE ESCAPE MAN ADMITS: ‘WE WERE LUCKY TO GET OUT’ was last modified: November 26th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:arsonfireGardainvestigationletterkennylast_img read more

Athletics’ Montas gets more than enough offense to beat Mariners

first_imgOAKLAND — Frankie Montas took the mound Saturday night for the Athletics, and had the full support of his teammates.As usual.Montas improved his record to 9-2, giving up two runs with one walk and nine strikeouts in six innings in an 11-2 win by the Athletics over the Seattle Mariners at the Coliseum before a crowd of 14,846.By the time Yusmeiro Petit took over in the seventh, the Athletics had a nine-run lead. Montas entered the game fifth in the American League in run support with 7.11 …last_img

Kushal Das and Sunando Dhar to represent AIFF at June 7 AFC meeting

first_imgGeneral secretary Kushal Das and I-League CEO Sunando Dhar will represent the All India Football Federation (AIFF) at the June 7 meeting of all stakeholders at the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) headquarters in Kuala Lumpur.AIFF president Praful Patel will skip the meet where all I-League and Indian Super League (ISL) clubs have been invited to discuss the next course of action as Football Sports Development Ltd (FSDL), the organisers of ISL, mulls a longer league adding at least three more franchises to the existing eight.”Me and Sunando will attend the meeting in Kuala Lumpur,” Das told IANS on Monday.The meeting, which will be chaired by the AFC General Secretary Dato’ Windsor John, will be attended by the appropriate AFC Directors.Senior representatives from FIFA, as well as senior representatives from the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India have also been invited.Windsor John was recently in New Delhi at the invitation of Patel to discuss the future roadmap for Indian football. It was there that the June 7 meeting was decided.Currently, the AIFF and FSDL are in a fix on including city giants East Bengal and Mohun Bagan in the newly planned longer league as both outfits have not submitted the bid documents, refusing to budge from their three-point demands.The two bigwigs have refused to pay franchise fee of Rs 15 crore and have also asked for money from the central revenue pool and said they would like to play their home games in Kolkata.advertisementIn a meeting recently with state body Indian Football Association (IFA), the clubs said the venue won’t be a problem as Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has said an amicable solution will be reached after talking to three clubs which includes ISL champions Atletico de Kolkata.The IFA is supposed to send a mail to the AIFF asking about the “roadmap”, which was promised to them by president Patel during the May 7 meeting in Mumbai.last_img read more