George Mason professor explains reasoning behind U.S. invasion of Iraq

first_imgGeorge Mason University professor Ahsan Butt presented “Why did the U.S. invade Iraq in 2003?” to students and faculty Tuesday afternoon in Jenkins and Nanovic Halls. The presentation, named after Butt’s research paper of the same title, was presented by the Notre Dame International Security Center.Butt focused on one of the most commonly acknowledged reasons for the Iraq war: Saddam Hussein’s possession or mobilization of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). In addition to noting that the Bush administration was “sincerely wrong about this intelligence,” he went on to further squash this WMD argument.“Many believe that uncertainty of intelligence led to the decision for war, but I would argue that the decision for war led to uncertainty of intelligence,” Butt said.He continued by saying WMDs certainly can lead to war, but there was no evidence for that in this example.Instead, Butt said the U.S. invasion of Iraq can be attributed to performative war thesis, an argument dependent on status and hierarchy. He said anxiety regarding the United States’ status led to a need to demonstrate hegemony and establish order. The United States’ motivations fell into three factors: the need for a “new beginning,” repairing reputation and avoiding peaceful bargain.“The ’90s were a time of great peace and prosperity for the U.S., and all of that ended on 9/11 and America became vulnerable for the first time,” Butt said. “It led to a desire to show that we are in fact the hegemon and are not vulnerable.”Thus, this new beginning was about fixing the United States’ global status, Butt said.“The Bush administration wanted to remake the world’s political map,” he said. “These aren’t small goals and they didn’t have to do with WMDs.”Another important point made by Butt was that Afghanistan, a vulnerable country itself, wasn’t enough, so why invade Iraq? The fact that Hussein was still reigning and powerful following the Gulf War presented a threat to which the U.S. could prove its hegemony, Butt said.Lastly, Butt argued that there was never an opportunity for a peaceful bargain, for example, working through the United Nations following 9/11. The invasion of Iraq, Butt said, was not a question of if, but when.“If there even was a decision, when was it taken?” Butt said. “Most likely on 9/11 and no later than October or November of that fall.”Butt concluded his work on the performative war thesis by saying a bargaining model isn’t everything, and the case of the U.S. in Iraq was “rooted in assertive nationalism and American exceptionalism.”Tags: 9/11, Afghanistan, Ahsan Butt, iraq, Iraq warlast_img read more

GVC names David Lloyd-Seed as new Director of IR and communications

first_imgShare Related Articles StumbleUpon GVC hires ‘comms pro’ Tessa Curtis to re-energise media profile  August 25, 2020 Share Martin Lycka – Regulatory high temperatures cancel industry’s ‘silly season’ August 11, 2020 GVC absorbs retail shocks as business recalibrates for critical H2 trading August 13, 2020 Submit GVC Holdings has strengthened its leadership team after confirming the appointment of David Lloyd-Seed, who will join the company as the new Director of Investor Relations and External Communications.In the new role, Lloyd-Seed will take responsibility for leading the Group’s strategic external communication with investors, the City and a range of key stakeholders. He will take up his new post in March 2020, ahead of the publication of the Group’s full year results.Commenting on the appointment, Rob Wood, CFO of GVC Holdings, said: “David brings a huge wealth of experience and expertise to the Group from the City and as a strategic advisor and communicator. His appointment adds further strength and depth to our management team and I am delighted to welcome him on board.”Prior to joining GVC, Lloyd-Seed held the position of Head of Capital Markets at Powerscourt, GVC’s strategic communications advisors. He brings with him over 15 years of experience in Investor Relationship roles, having also worked at Telefonica UK (O2), Severn Trent and Dixons.Lloyd-Seed also had an 18-year career in corporate broking, during which time he advised across multiple sectors on IR, market-related activities, fund-raisings, mergers and IPOs. He is a board member of the Investor Relations Society.Nick Batram, who has been acting as the Group’s investor relations lead in recent months, will return to his full time role as Group Director of Corporate Strategy and Development.Lloyd-Seed added: “I am delighted to be joining GVC and am looking forward to working with the most dynamic management team in the sector.“This is a hugely exciting time for GVC as it consolidates its position as a global industry leader, continues to expand into newly regulating markets, and leads the industry in responsible gambling.”last_img read more