L’Afrique du Sud possede les infrastructures de transport d’un pays entierement developpe. Les routes sont de rang mondial. Les reseaux aerien et ferre sont les plus etendus du continent. Et les ports du pays offrent une halte naturelle pour les bateaux en provenance ou a destination de l’Europe, des Ameriques, de l’Asie, de l’Asie Australe et les deux cotes de l’Afrique.Le secteur des transports a ete mis en lumiere par le gouvernement en tant que principal contributeur a la competitivite de l’Afrique du Sud sur les marches internationaux. On le perçoit de plus en plus comme un moteur de la croissance economique et du developpement social.La Coupe du Monde 2010 de la FifaL’Afrique du Sud prevoit d’investir 9 milliards de rands pour ameliorer et developper les infrastructures de transport dans neuf villes d’accueil afin de faire face a l’arrivee massive de visiteurs attendus pour la Coupe du Monde 2010 de la Fifa.Ces preparatifs concernent des modernisations majeures des aeroports du pays et des ameliorations du systeme de transport general, y compris un programme de recapitalisation des taxis, le renforcement du transport ferroviaire de passagers et la transformation du secteur des bus.Les ports et l’expeditionLes principales lignes maritimes longent le littoral de l’Afrique du Sud dans l’Atlantique Sud et l’Ocean Indien. Environ 96 % des exportations d’Afrique du Sud sont transportees par la mer et les sept ports commerciaux du pays sont des points d’entree pour le commerce entre l’Afrique du Sud et ses partenaires en Afrique Australe et servent aussi de plateformes pour les echanges en provenance et a destination de l’Europe, de l’Asie, des Ameriques et des cotes ouest et est de l’Afrique.L’Autorite Nationale des Ports Transnet detenue par l’etat gere les ports du pays. Ce sont : Richards Bay a Durban au KwaZulu-Natal, East London et Port Elizabeth dans la region d’Eastern Cape et Mossel Bay au CAp et Saldanha dans la region de Western Cape.Durban est le port commercial de l’Afrique et le plus grand en termes de containeurs en Afrique Australe, Richard’s Bay est le plus grand terminal de cargaison du monde. Ensemble, les ports d’Afrique du Sud ont gere 183 millions de tonnes de cargo en 2007 et d’importantes modernisations sont en cours pour augmenter la capacite de gestion.Un huitieme port commercial, le port de Nqura, est developpe au large de Port Elizabeth dans la province d’Eastern Cape, les premiers navires commerciaux devant arriver au port en 2009. Nqura devrait etre le terminal pour conteneurs le plus profond d’Afrique. C’est une partie essentielle de Coega, l’une des zones de developpement industriel strategiques d’Afrique du Sud.Les routesLe reseau routier total d’Afrique du Sud fait environ 754 000 kilometres, dont 9 600km de routes nationales. Le voyage de Messina a la frontiere nord de l’Afrique du Sud jusqu’au Cap au Sud se fait sur 2 000 km de routes bien entretenues.Environ 2 400 km de routes du pays sont payantes.Alors que le Ministere des transports est responsable de la politique generale, la construction et l’entretien des routes relevent de la responsabilite de l’Agence des Routes Nationales d’Afrique du Sud et de celle des neuf provinces et gouvernements locaux.Le chemin de ferL’Afrique du Sud possede un reseau de chemin de fer etendu, le 10eme plus long du monde raccorde aux reseaux de la region sub-saharienne.La societe publique Transnet Freight Rail est la voie de chemin de fer et le transporteur le plus important d’Afrique australe avec un reseau ferroviaire d’environ 22 000 km, dont 1 500 km sont des voies de transport. Les infrastructures ferroviaires de la societe qui relient les ports au reste de l’Afrique du Sud representent environ 80 % du total de l’Afrique.Le gouvernement a lance un projet d’amelioration de la securite ferroviaire et de regain des voyages par train en tant que choix de transport public viable. En 2008, le gouvernement a declare qu’il allait investir 19,5 milliards de rands par an sur quatre ans pour moderniser ses infrastructures portuaires et ferroviaires, la moitie environ etant destinee au secteur du fret ferroviaire.La South African Rail Commuter Corporation exploite les services de transport Metrorail au Cap, dans la province d’Eastern Cape, a Durban, dans Johannesburg et sa banlieue et a Pretoria, en ciblant principalement les sud-africains pauvres.Les touristes et les passagers aises peuvent voyager sur le Blue Train, l’un des trains de luxe les plus celebres du monde, alors que Shosholoza Meyl transporte environ quatre millions de passagers par an entre les principales villes du pays.Des services font aussi la liaison avec d’autres destinations d’Afrique australe au Zimbabwe, au Mozambique et au Swaziland.La liaison ferroviare a grande vitesse du GautrainLe Gautrain, un reseau ferroviaire a grande vitesse, reliera Johannesburg, Pretoria et l’aeroport international OR Tambo, allegeant le trafic sur l’autoroute Johannesburg-Pretoria en offrant aux voyageurs une alternative sure et viable au transport routier.Le projet de 25 milliards de rands est un partenariat public-prive entre le gouvernement de la province de Gauteng et la societe Bombelo Concession, un consortium canadien-français-sud-africain. On estime que le Gautrain aura cree environ 33 000 emplois d’ici 2009.Vingt-quatre trains feront le trajet a 160 km/heure, pendant 18 heures par jour et transportant au total pres de 135 000 passagers par jour. Les transports secondaires vers et depuis les gares et les destinations proches se feront en bus de luxe.Il y aura 10 gares, dont trois seront souterraines. La partie enterree fera environ 14 km de long et se trouvera jusqu’a 96 metres de profondeur a certains endroits.La premiere phase, la partie entre l’aeroport, Sandton et Midrand, devrait etre terminee a temps pour la Coupe du Monde 2010 de la Fifa, et la deuxieme phase d’ici 2011.Les aeroports et les compagnies aeriennesPlus de 50 compagnies aeriennes, effectuant pres de 230 000 atterrissages et transportant environ 33 millions de passagers par an, passent par les 10 principaux aeroports d’Afrique du Sud. Cela comprend les principaux aeroports de Johannesburg, du Cap et de Durban et les aeroports de Port Elizabeth, East London, George, Kimberly, Upington, Bloemfontein et Pilansberg.Vingt-et-un centres de controle aerien encadrent les operations qui couvrent 145 aeroports autorises avec pistes a revetement et plus de 580 aerodromes avec pistes sans revetement.La societe d’aeroports semi-privatisee d’Afrique du Sud (Acsa) est chargee de surveiller l’expansion des infrastructures des aeroports du pays.En 2007, l’Acsa a propose un programme de depenses en capital sur cinq ans d’un peu moins de 20 milliards de rands afin d’accueillir une nouvelle generation d’avions et de gerer un plus grand nombre de passagers.L’aeroport international OR Tambo de Johannesburg est l’aeroport les plus anime d’Afrique avec environ 8,9 millions de passagers au depart par an. Il a ete designe meilleur aeroport du continent par le Conseil International des Aeroports en 2007.L’aeroport Cape Town International, qui voit partir 3,8 millions de passagers par an, a ete elu premier aeroport d’Afrique lors des World Travel Awards pour la septieme annee consecutive.South African Airways, le transporteur national d’Afrique du Sud, dessert plus de 700 villes, y compris 20 destinations en Afrique, et assure l’entretien de nombreuses compagnies aeriennes.Derniere mise a jour de l’article : Septembre 2008SAinfo reporter. Sources (sites en langue anglaise) :Standard Bank: Economic Profile: South AfricaSouth Africa YearbookDepartment of TransportTransnet National Ports AuthorityCoega Development CorporationTransnet Freight RailSouth African Rail Commuter CorporationGautrain Rapid Rail LinkAirports Company South AfricaSouth African Airways
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Matt ReeseGrandkids interested in a treasure hunt, a grim prostate cancer diagnosis and a farmer with a long family history on the land — in 2016 it was time.Though he had been putting it off for years because there was always something more pressing, Rick Crawford finally decided that it was time to plod up the steps of the deteriorating old house on his family’s Adams County farm to investigate the old trunks filled with unknown farm history from generations gone by. They discovered the old house was full of critters and family memories.“To the best of my knowledge when Robert Richard — my great-great grandfather — moved here in 1875, that old log cabin was already here. When I was 7, my great grandfather died in 1960 and he was the last family member to live there. After that we rented it out. I was in and out of it after that when we were renting it, but I don’t think the tenants ever went upstairs. After they moved out, it just sat there and deteriorated. I knew there were things we probably should get out of there,” Rick said. “I always wondered what was in those trunks upstairs. I thought, ‘If I don’t do it, maybe nobody ever will.’”It was a fairly mild winter day and the Crawford grandchildren were really increasing the pressure to go explore the old house to search for treasures, so they did. That day, three living generations got a glimpse into the previous four generations of ancestors who farmed the land before them.“As we dug through it, it was interesting to see the history we were finding. We found the original paper with a wax seal on it from Samuel Crawford, who was the first family member we know about in Ohio. He came from Ireland to the U.S. in 1817, spent some time in Pennsylvania and Virginia and then came down the Ohio River to Adams County in 1825. He would have been my great-great-great grandfather. He was granted citizenship by one of the judges here in the County. We found letters from the Civil War, Christmas cards, bills, receipts, and tax documents — they made something like $500 in a whole year,” Rick said. “The grandkids enjoyed it and I was able to connect names and parcels of property here on the farm and better connect with my ancestors by doing that. I felt a connection I’d never had before. Some letters from the Civil War were still in the original envelopes. You can learn about the Civil War and go to Gettysburg, but this was actually my family members who were involved.”That mild winter day spent in the very old house got Rick started in the process of working to preserve some of the farm’s history through the Ohio Department of Agriculture’s Ohio Historic Family Farms Program.“Having those letters and the original deeds kind of inspired me,” Rick said. “I didn’t realize all of the family we had and this helped me put it all together.”The first known parcel owned by the family was in timber at the time Samuel Crawford’s son Andrew purchased it in 1867, though it appears that the family may have owned adjacent properties even earlier. After this purchase, Andrew bought additional land and raised cattle, hogs, tobacco, wheat and hay.Andrew’s brother Robert Richard had two sons who fought and died in the Civil War, as described in the letters discovered in the old log cabin. Robert Richard had a total of 18 children. He had 12 children with his first wife, who passed away during childbirth with twins in 1860, and six more children with his second wife.Another son of Samuel served as First Lieutenant of Co. D in the Ohio Volunteer Infantry from July 25, 1862 through Oct. 11, 1864. He also purchased property now part of Crawford farms. Elza Mannering Crawford, born in 1873, was the last family member to live in the old log cabin that the Rick remembers as a child. Elza and his son, Albert, pushed for building the road that now runs to the farm to better connect with the outside world.“When the first family members came here there was an old horse and buggy road. You can still see traces of that road on our property. To get to town my great grandfather would ride a horse down through the woods to the Model T and they’d get back in the pitch dark and the horse would know how to get back through the woods in the dark,” Rick said. “They decided to pay for the survey and do the leg work to get a road put in on the high ground and it was first called Ellison Ridge Road. Back in the 60s the county took the road over and they changed it to Crawford Road because my grandfather played such a big part in getting this road here.”Albert’s son, Delbert Wayne Crawford, was Rick’s father.“My dad milked cows when I was young. It was grade C milk and we’d lift the milk cans into a cooler and the milkman would come and get the cans every other day. All the hay then was square bales. It seemed like the weather was better then and we would work four weeks straight baling hay every day in the summer and we can’t do that anymore. It seems like if we get one day of work in every week we are flying any more,” Rick said. “We always raised a little wheat, corn and hay. The corn was always ear picked. My father would tell us about the first tractor, I believe an 8N Ford, and when electricity came in 1948.“As I got near the age of graduating from high school and I wasn’t there to help with the hay, dad bought a round baler. Now we have evolved with the hay and we do it mechanized with an accumulator that goes behind a nearly new square baler and it’s got a preservative applicator and everything on it. Then we pick up 10 bales at a time and if everything is working right, we never touch a bale of hay. We still have a good many round bales we make and we are doing most of it from the seat of a tractor these days.”Today Rick and his son, Sam — there is a Samuel in every generation of Crawfords on the farm — raise around 150 acres of hay that is mostly sold to the local Amish community and they grow just enough corn to feed their stocker cattle and the deer for the hunting business on the farm’s 720 acres that was started to replace tobacco income for the farm. Tobacco was grown all of the years the Crawford family has been on the farm until 2005.“The tobacco companies were wanting bigger producers. We were growing 7 to 11 acres and that could produce 20,000 to 24,000 pounds of tobacco. That requires a lot of labor. I was wanting to downsize and the companies wanted me to raise more,” Crawford said. “We decided to quit raising tobacco and I ran into a guy in town who was leasing out rights for deer hunting. I had never heard of that before then. Now we sell six-day archery hunts and the lodging, up to 10 hunts a year.”Plenty has changed for the Crawford family farm since 1867, but thanks to that winter day in 2016 when Rick and his family took the time to peer into the past, a connection to the farm’s history was re-established.“I was diagnosed with prostate cancer, and I may not be around all that much longer. I don’t feel like I own these deeds. I am just the current caretaker. Nobody owns the property, but the tax bill changes addresses every 20 or 30 years,” Rick said. “As I was researching all of this, I wished I would have done this a few years earlier when my dad was alive. He lived and breathed this farm. He never had a job a day in his life and he was never out of work. I think my dad would have been really interested in this.”In 2016, it was time. And, as it turns out, it was time well spent.Kristy, Sam, Rick and Patty Crawford stand along side of Crawford Road that runs through their farm in Adams County.
The popular camera-sharing community ShareGrid is expanding into all fifty states. Here’s how you can make their equipment rental model work for you.1. Maximize Your IncomeIn the last few years, ShareGrid has paid millions of dollars in rental revenue to individual equipment owners, while also saving customers 30-50 percent on gear, compared to traditional rental houses.The company started small, building its platform one city at a time to maintain the integrity of the ShareGrid experience. And it proved to be worthwhile: In just seven cities, 50,000 members have listed over 500 million dollars of equipment, with built-in fraud prevention and the option to purchase insurance with a single click at checkout.Now, as ShareGrid goes national, equipment owners across the country can self-design the part-time, full-time, or sometimes jobs of their dreams.Some Facts:ShareGrid is the first company to feature an exclusive insurance partnership; the coverage is sold on the website so renters can rest easy knowing that their equipment is protected against damage, fraud, and theft.ShareGrid’s cut is only 15 percent — that’s less than any other consignment-style rental site on the market.Over 50,000 ShareGrid products are listed on Google.The guessing game is over. Live results of top-searched-for and top-rented gear are available through ShareGrid; this process can actually help you decide which pieces to invest in next in order to turn your collection into a side hustle.On the flip side, renting gear from someone else on the site can offer you the opportunity to try pieces out before you decide to invest in them.The list of popular choices on the site includes not just cinematography but photography equipment as well. Your speciality is someone else’s speciality: ShareGrid’s community can help you find the market that will make you the most money.People who list their gear on ShareGrid report a huge range of monthly earnings, from a few hundred extra bucks to a total annual income of over $100,000. The more time you invest, the greater your earning potential. 2. Let Your Investments Work for YouCinema equipment is expensive, and it often quickly depreciates in value, both through use and due to technological advancement. If a cinematographer purchases an expensive camera and is not constantly booking work, that cinematographer is actively losing money on that investment.But you don’t have to let your equipment sit in your metaphorical (or literal) closet. By renting out gear on ShareGrid, individual equipment owners can turn their investments into assets. This applies to a whole range of equipment types. In fact, some of the most searched-for pieces on the site are mid-range cameras and accessories. Any piece could turn into a big earner when properly curated.Use this sliding calculator to see how much you can potentially earn listing your equipment on the site.3. Reclaim Your TimeThe filmmaking hustle is this: notoriously long hours, heavy competition for jobs, and (at times) lots and lots of “no.” It’s not uncommon for indie filmmakers to find themselves thinking: “What did I do last month? Where did my money go?” With ShareGrid’s equipment-sharing community, your gear can earn you passive income for potentially the first time in your career.Film-worker and ShareGrid veteran Jayson Rahmlow tells us: “I was burnt out after being in L.A. for ten years, and I found myself thinking: ‘What else can I do to make money . . . besides sell every second of my time?’” Rahmlow, like many others, found a solution in renting equipment he wasn’t actively using every day. “Is your gear making you money?” he asks.Long story short: your gear should be making you money.4. Come For The Cash, Stay For The CommunityThe community support experience ShareGrid offers is two-prong. There is a substantial amount of feedback and advice available for renters and customers alike from the ShareGrid team. Then, there’s an entirely separate and more unexpected sense of camaraderie that has sprung up in the camera-sharing community.ShareGrid Perks:The site offers a live-chat feature that is active for more than 12 hours every day. Here, both renters and customers can receive real, thoughtful human advice on how to best rent equipment. In-house tech support (no outsourcing) ensures you’ll receive the most accurate information on the site’s policies and current statistics.The range of tips ShareGrid’s tech gurus can offer renters includes which pieces of yours are in highest demand at any time, which pieces to combine into rental packages, which pieces to invest in to maximize your rental income, and so forth.Alternatively, the range of tips ShareGrid’s tech gurus can offer renters includes which pieces are best for the look you’re going for, which accessories to include, and how to achieve your “10,000 dollar dreams on your 5,000 budget,” so to speak.People Perks:ShareGrid is ultimately a peer-to-peer space. This means that all individual rental transactions will include dialogue and a human discourse that can be valuable for renters and customers alike.Plugging into the ShareGrid community of knowledgable equipment owners and users offers you insight, perspective, advice, and support. “It’s like the human version of insurance,” one ShareGrid community member reports.The ShareGrid community is consistently growing, and with the advent of PRO, those valuable relationships can develop between customers and rental houses as well. The filmmaking and photography worlds can be challenging and incredibly isolating at times. Finding and connecting to like-minded creators can be highly rewarding. The opportunity to find those people is a fortunate side effect of listing your gear on the site. Rahmlow reflects that “I love almost everybody I’ve ever rented to. We’re all in this grind together.”All images via ShareGrid.Looking for more video gear tips and tricks? Check out these articles.Audio Gear: 10 Super Cheap Accessories for Your Audio KitLens Review: How To Shoot Anamorphic with The Atlas Orion LensesHow to Soften Your Sharp 4K DSLR Video FootageHarness the Power of the Canon 5D mk IV’s Built In IntervalometerIs the GH5/LUMIX V-Log Firmware Upgrade Worth the Price Tag?
As expected, Duke freshman forward Justise Winslow is entering the 2015 NBA Draft. He’s the second Blue Devil freshman to declare for the draft, joining big man Jahlil Okafor.Winslow acknowledged the news with an eloquent Instagram post moments ago. I would like to thank Duke University for allowing me to be a part of such a prestigious institution where I have learned more about myself inside and outside of the classroom than I ever thought I could. I would like to thank the students of Duke University for allowing me to develop my character and be myself without any judgment. You all have made this year extremely entertaining. I would like to thank Coach K and the rest of the coaching staff for helping me become a better player mentally and physically. I would like to thank the entire Duke Basketball Program for accepting me with open arms and caring for me unconditionally. Lastly, I would like to thank my teammates who over the course of this past year have become my best friends, my brothers, and NATIONAL CHAMPIONS. Duke University will forever be in heart and I am proud to say that I am DUKE BLUE DEVIL for life.A photo posted by Justise Winslow (@_rubdi) on Apr 14, 2015 at 1:43pm PDTWinslow is expected to be chosen in the top 10 picks of June’s draft, perhaps even within the top five. The versatile 6-foot-6 Houston, Tex., native averaged 12.6 points, 6.5 rebounds and 2.1 assists in his lone season as a Blue Devil. With Winslow and Okafor both turning pro, attention shifts to freshman point guard Tyus Jones, who has yet to announce his intentions for next season but is a projected first-round pick if he foregoes his eligibility.
New Delhi: She made a stunning debut with Dangal, but Fatima Sana Shaikh says getting a perfect launch pad was not a cakewalk as people told her she did not have the “looks” of a heroine like Deepika Padukone and Katrina Kaif. Fatima, who started her journey in the movies as a child actor with Kamal Haasan’s 1997 film Chachi 420, says the rejections shifted her focus from waiting for a conventional lead role to searching for a good character. Also Read – I have personal ambitions now: Priyanka”I have been a child actor. I quit but making a comeback after that was difficult. I was not getting any work. People used to tell me I don’t look like Deepika Padukone or Katrina Kaif. They said, since I didn’t have the looks of a heroine, I should do whatever I’m offered. There have been many incidents where I was told that I was not good enough,” Fatima said. The actor says her desire to perform in front of the camera was so strong that she did not pay heed to what people thought of her. Also Read – Salman Khan remembers actor Vinod Khanna”I only had acting on my mind. The reason why I used to go for every audition was because I would get to perform in front of the camera, even if the set-up was small.” The success of Aamir Khan-starrer Dangal, however, made things easier for Fatima as it gave her the option to choose. “Before Dangal, I never had the chance to choose my projects. I even did ‘Dangal’ because that was my only option at that time. Every actor goes through this. That’s how things function. But I am happy that post the film and especially after ‘Thugs of Hindostan’, I have the space to choose,” she says. Citing an example of Rajkummar Rao, her co-star from Anurag Basu’s upcoming anthology, the actor says there is no formula for success. “There is no single rule that applies to everyone. But now there are so many opportunities because of Netflix, Amazon and other platforms. Influx of different mediums has given actors a lot more options.” Fatima says even though her aim is to establish herself as a sought-after performer, she does not believe in planning “too much”. “Where I want to reach it might take two or maybe six years. But I am happy that at least I’m on my way.”
Ex-Pumas Alfonso Nieto couldn’t leave the South American country because there was no paper to print out his son’s passportFor Mexican footballer Alfonso Nieto, the chance to play football outside his country was a dream come true.He was called to play with Carabobo in Venezuela’s Primera Division.Nieto started this adventure in January but was let go by the club in May.That’s where the nightmare started.The Mexican athlete had a newborn baby and couldn’t print his passport to leave the country.The South American country has a shortage of basic materials, and paper is one of them.Quiz: How much do you know about Hirving Lozano? Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 6, 2019 Time for you to tell us everything you can answer about Hirving Lozano. We will ask you 10 questions about the Mexican forward. Have…“For two months I lived like a Venezuelan, like one of my brothers who helped me in that country,” he told Diario Excelsior in Mexico.75 days after his first try, he was able to get help and get out of the country and is now in Mexico with his whole family waiting for a new chance with football.“It was months, weeks, waiting for a solution.”“At the end, we went to live in Caracas to try to solve this as soon as possible,” he added.3 Meses mi Mati hermoso!! TE AMO ? Nunca caminaras solo hijo! ??? #GraciasDios pic.twitter.com/YqtFXythhs— Alfonso Nieto (@aNieto_23) August 14, 2018
Manchester City’s hopes of winning an unprecedented quadruple may be scuttled by Wolverhampton Wanderers, according to Matt Doherty who believes they can win the FA Cup.The FA Cup title is the only domestic trophy eluding Pep Guardiola in England and the Spanish manager has set his sights on winning all the competitions.However, there is a well-tutored Nuno Espirito side who are punching well above their level this season.Nuno Espirito is a well known professed and renowned student of Jose Mourinho and has somewhat masterminded the downfall of the big teams this campaign with a brand of football that is reminiscent of Mourinho in his Porto days.Wolves went on to make a huge statement of intent in the Cup by dumping favourites Manchester United.And Doherty sees no reason why they should not lift the trophy to cap a remarkable campaign.Premier League Betting: Match-day 5 Stuart Heath – September 14, 2019 Going into the Premier League’s match-day five with a gap already beginning to form at the top of the league. We will take a…Asked if Wolves can win the cup, Doherty replied via FourFourTwo: “Yes, of course. I know Manchester City are still in there, but we have managed to avoid them. I know they’ll be favourites, but we have drawn with them this season.“I know they beat us at the Etihad, but in the semi-final, it’s a 50-50, one-off, anything is possible and we have got a good team, so yes, we’re capable of doing it.”And as he prepares for Saturday’s opening Euro 2020 qualifier in Gibraltar, he has already set his sights on a big day at Wembley.WOLVERHAMPTON, ENGLAND – MARCH 16: Paul Pogba of Manchester United is challenged by Matt Doherty of Wolverhampton Wanderers during the FA Cup Quarter Final match between Wolverhampton Wanderers and Manchester United at Molineux on March 16, 2019, in Wolverhampton, England. (Photo by Michael Regan/Getty Images)Nuno Espirito Santo’s men face Watford in the semi-finals with either Manchester City or Ireland team-mate Shane Duffy’s Brighton awaiting the winners.If Man City ends up meeting Wolves in the final of the FA Cup, Pep would be wary of their threat because they’d be keen on snapping his chain.
San Diego City Council passes styrofoam and other polystyrene product ban 6-3 FacebookTwitter KUSI Newsroom, Updated: 2:37 PM KUSI Newsroom SAN DIEGO (KUSI) – The San Diego City Council voted 6-3 Tuesday in favor of a controversial ban on the use of polystyrene foam within the city limits.The ordinance, authored by City Councilman Chris Ward, bans the use and distribution within city limits of products like egg cartons, food containers, coolers, ice chests, pool or beach toys, mooring buoys and navigation markers made fully or partially of polystyrene foam, otherwise known by the commercial Dow Chemical Co. designation, Styrofoam.“By passing this measure, the council supermajority has assured San Diego’s role as a national leader in pursuit of a safe, sustainable future and has made San Diego the largest city in California to ban Styrofoam,” Ward said. “The negative impacts of Styrofoam are permanent and threaten the health of San Diegans, wildlife, and industries critical to our region. The time has come for us to listen to community groups, nonprofits and businesses that have been advocating for this change for years and move away from Styrofoam and plastics in San Diego.”Small restaurant operators primarily opposed the ban, arguing that they cannot absorb the added cost of renewable alternatives like compostable paper. The San Diego Chapter of the California Restaurant Association said that small restaurants and food-service businesses could be forced to pay up to 145 percent more for products other than polystyrene.The ban’s proponents, such as environmental organizations like the 5 Gyres Institute and the Surfrider Foundation, argue that polystyrene’s environmental strain is not worth the convenience. Polystyrene products take hundreds of years to degrade and eventually break down into small particles called microplastics. Marine and terrestrial fauna often mistake polystyrene for food, as well.“We’ve found (polystyrene) alternatives to be comparable in quality and price, and in some cases, our costs have actually gone down,” said Mikey Knab, a board member of Business for Good San Diego and director of operations of Ponce’s Mexican Restaurant. “This ban levels the playing field for restaurants of all sizes, eliminating the opportunity for anyone to pass on the external cost of using Styrofoam that ends up in our oceans as micro-plastics to marine life and to future generations.”New council members Monica Montgomery, Vivian Moreno and Jen Campbell voted on the ban for the first time. During the 2018 mid-term campaign, all three said they support taking action against climate change. However, Montgomery and Moreno suggested the city needs to perform more outreach to restaurant owners who will face the brunt of the cost.The ban will take effect in 30 days. Restaurants with a gross annual income of fewer than $500,000 can also apply for a waiver of no more than two years. Posted: January 8, 2019 January 8, 2019 Categories: Local San Diego News, Politics
April 27, 2012 Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 5 min read This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. Enroll Now for Free Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now The Chinese market is huge and can be enticing for many business owners, but a visit to China can threaten your business if you aren’t careful.Your valuable intellectual property and other proprietary information could be vulnerable to electronic snooping. Entrepreneurs report incidents of laptops and other devices being tampered with in customs and when left in hotel rooms in China. They also have seen signs that email, Internet use and phone conversations may have been subject to surveillance.The spying is said to be part of a national Chinese policy to accelerate economic development and growth that condones, if not embraces, bareknuckle tactics such as cybertheft from foreign companies, according to a report to Congress by the U.S. Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive. The Chinese government has denied that it engages in cyber espionage.Nevertheless, you should take precautions. Here are five tips for making security a priority when working in China and other risky countries:1. Prepare your laptop.Install updates for your operating system and other software to plug known security holes and make sure your security software is up to date. Leave Bluetooth earpieces and keyboards at home and turn off your devices’ Bluetooth function, which can enable eavesdropping. Also, lock your device with a PIN or password, and use whole disk encryption to protect stored data.On a recent trip to China, Rich Mogull, chief executive officer of Securosis, a Phoenix, Ariz., security research and advisory firm, took along a MacBook Air because its built-in memory and lack of a Firewire port would make it difficult to crack should someone gain physical possession of it. To make physical snooping even harder, he set up FileVault 2, the whole disk encryption built into Apple’s Lion operating system. To catch any virtual snoops, Mogull set up a firewall that scrutinized traffic leaving his computer and programs trying to connect to the Internet.Related: Five to Follow for Doing Business in China2. Strip unneeded data from your devices before you travel.Companies in manufacturing and other industries that can be vulnerable to cyber espionage should consider using travel-only devices that contain a minimal amount of data and can be scrubbed aggressively once back home. That way, they won’t lose much if their devices are infiltrated.Employees at Miami-based financial services and advisory firm AEGIS FinServ Corp. take it a step further by taking blank laptops and flash drives, which are protected with a PIN and encryption and hold only the data they will need, says president Jim Angleton. After they use the drives on a laptop, AEGIS’s IT department immediately cleans the machine.3. Use a throwaway, pre-paid cellphone. Angleton and others recommend that business travelers turn off their mobile phones to avoid downloading spyware and taking it back home. Instead, use temporary devices in China that you purchase at home. Phones or PCs made for the Chinese market could have monitoring software built into them.Keep in mind that unless your calls are encrypted — by using Skype, for example — the government can monitor them, even if you’re using a U.S. cellular company’s service.As with laptops, keep smartphones and tablets in sight at all times. Respectfully but firmly decline to let customs officers take your devices to a backroom without you, and carry them with you when you leave your hotel room, Angleton says.Related: A Guide for Using Mobile Devices When Traveling Abroad4. Use a VPN while on the Internet.The Chinese government closely watches Internet traffic and often uses its so-called Great Firewall to block content it doesn’t approve of, such as discussions of politically sensitive topics.This digital blockade affects nearly every foreigner living or working in China. Michael Stanat, who recently opened market research firm SIS International’s Shanghai office, says he has had trouble accessing Dropbox, Twitter, YouTube and Facebook from China. Derek Capo, chief executive officer of Next Step China, a company that facilitates language study in China and is based in Miami and Beijing, has seen emails disappear from his Gmail inbox and has been unable to read certain emails or access Gmail at all.One way to avoid this is to use a VPN (virtual private network), which creates an encrypted tunnel for your Internet traffic so it can’t be read or tampered with by interlopers. A VPN can also make it appear that you are sitting in the U.S., which can help you access U.S. sites that block or put security roadblocks in front of visitors from China or other foreign countries.Related: Five Ways You Can Avoid IP TheftThere are number of easy-to-use VPNs, among them VPN4ALL (Windows and Mac $9.95-$19.95 a month, depending on data use; iOS, Android and Windows smartphones and tablets, $5.95 a month) and Anonymizer Universal (Windows, Mac, iOS devices, $79.99 a year; 14-day free trial). Another option is Strong VPN (Windows, Linux, Mac, iOS devices, Android, others, $55 a year, $21 for three months).5. Wipe or toss devices when you return home.Security experts recommend treating all devices as compromised after a trip to China. Wipe and reformat laptops and tablets before using them at home or work, or simply dispose of them. Remove SIM cards from cellphones and crush them underfoot or break them in half, and take the phones to a recycling center.